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The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Title VI of the Civil Rights Act, the Executive Order (EO) on Environmental Justice (EJ), the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisitions Policies Act (Uniform Act) and the EO on Limited English Proficiency (LEP) govern TxDOT policy for conducting, at the federal and state-level, a thorough and defensible community impact assessment (CIA). Environmental practitioners can use these tools to conduct a CIA compliant with TxDOT policy.

Questions? Contact the Environmental Affairs Division community impacts specialist at (512) 416-2698.

High-level Guidance
Community Impacts Guidance
Environmental Justice Guidance
Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Guidance

Title Description Format
Environmental Handbook for Community Impacts, Environmental Justice and Title VI Describes the regulatory background and outlines the steps necessary to identify and address the community impacts of TxDOT transportation projects
Guidebook for Identifying, Measuring and Mitigating Environmental Justice Impacts of Toll Roads Provides guidance prepared by the Center for Transportation Research, University of Texas at Austin, in cooperation with FHWA and TxDOT on the evaluation of environmental justice aspects of tolling existing non-toll and toll roads
An Overview of Transportation and Environmental Justice A brochure in English that provides a general overview of transportation decision making, focusing on Executive Order 12898 and Title IV
Una Vision de la Justicia Ambiental en el Transporte A brochure in Spanish that provides a general overview of transportation decision making, focusing on Executive Order 12898 and Title IV

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High-Level Guidance

Title Description Format
Code of Federal Regulations Title 49, Part 24: Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition for Federal And Federally Assisted Programs Describes the regulatory background and outlines the steps necessary to identify and address the community impacts of TxDOT transportation projects
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 23, Part 771 Environmental Impact and Related Procedures Prescribes the policies and procedures of FHWA and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) for implementing NEPA
Federal Highway Administration Civil Rights Program Website Provides guidance from Federal Highways Civil Rights website for applying non-discrimination laws, regulations and executive orders to federal highways projects
FHWA Technical Advisory T 6640.8A, Guidance for Preparing and Processing Environmental and Section 4(f) Documents Provides expanded guidance, the original focused mostly on documentation for environmental impact statements, for other environmental documentation, including environmental assessments, categorical exclusions, finding of no significant impact, reevaluations and Section 4(f) documentation
NEPA.gov National Environmental Policy Act Website Provides a high-level overview of NEPA and, on the Environmental Justice and NEPA webpage, a high-level overview focused on EJ
Title VI and Environmental Justice at EPA Provides high-level information about Title VI and EJ and links to additional sources of information

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Community Impacts Guidance

Title Description Format
Community Impact Assessment A list of links related to CIAs developed by the University of South Florida and endorsed by FHWA
AASHTO Practitioner's Handbook: Utilizing Community Advisory Committees for NEPA Studies Explanation from the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) of how and when practitioners should use a Community Advisory Committee to assist with the NEPA decision-making process
Transportation Research Board Community Impact Assessment Website Allows members to actively engage in conversation, share resources, participate in groups and forums and stay informed about recent and upcoming subcommittee events and activities

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Environmental Justice (EJ) Guidance

Title Description Format
Executive Order 12898 Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority and Low-Income Populations Directs each federal agency to "make achieving EJ part of its mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations" and instructs each federal agency to develop a strategy for addressing EJ
USDOT Updated Environmental Justice Order 5610.2(a) Reaffirms the U.S. Department of Transportation's commitment to environmental justice and clarifies certain aspects of the original EO, which established the USDOT policy for EJ principles in all USDOT programs, policies and activities and describes the integration of the EJ objectives into planning and programming, rulemaking and policy formulation
FHWA Order 6640.23A FHWA Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations Establishes policies and procedures, which were updated in 2012, for FHWA to use in complying with EO 12898
Federal Highway Administration Environmental Justice Website Provides a high-level explanation of EJ and links to pages with additional information
Environmental Justice Emerging Trends and Best Practices Guidebook FHWA Webpage Focuses on timely and relevant transportation issues and helps promote a deeper understanding of the responsibilities, opportunities and benefits derived from addressing EJ in transportation planning and implementation
FHWA Guidance on Environmental Justice and NEPA Memorandum Advises FHWA offices on the process to address EJ during the NEPA review, including documentation requirements and supplements FHWA Technical Advisory 6640.8A. This provides guidance for documenting the potential social, economic and environmental impacts considered in the selection and implementation of highway projects.
Environmental Justice: Guidance under the National Environmental Policy Act (1997)
Provides the Center on Environmental Quality’s (CEQ), guidance to help federal agencies incorporate EJ into their NEPA procedures
U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) Transportation and Environmental Justice Effective Practices Explains the obligations of transportation agencies to address Title VI and environmental justice but primarily emphasizes sharing the experiences of transportation agencies working toward accomplishing EJ in programs, plans, projects and other activities

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Limited English Proficiency (LEP)

Title Description Format
Executive Order 13166: Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency Directs each federal agency to "examine the services it provides and develop and implement a system by which limited English proficiency (LEP) persons can meaningfully access those services" in order to ensure agencies do not violate the Title VI prohibition against national origin discrimination through communication exclusively English
Guidance to Federal Financial Assistance Recipients Regarding Title VI Prohibition against National Origin Discrimination Affecting Limited Proficient Persons Department of Justice guidance to assist recipients of federal funding comply with the executive order on protecting persons with limited English proficiency
USDOT's LEP Guidance Website Describes USDOT responsibilities regarding EO 13166 and is modeled after the DOJ guidance
Policy Guidance Concerning Recipients’ Responsibilities to Limited English Proficient (LEP) Persons Provides guidance for compliance with the LEP executive order, which largely mirrors the DOJ guidance, and explains how to specifically address LEP transportation projects
Limited English Proficiency Program and the Federal Aid Highway Program Focuses principally on the obligation of federal departments and agencies extending federal financial assistance to clarify the long-standing legal obligation on the part of recipients of such assistance to address the language needs of their otherwise-eligible LEP beneficiaries and is used as part of the FHWA Title VI training program

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